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Subject: qotd: Why we shouldn't be celebrating the slowdown in health
Date: Thu, 21 Nov 2013 12:58:32 -0800
From: Don McCanne <firstname.lastname@example.org>
To: Quote-of-the-Day <email@example.com>
The White House
November 20, 2013
New Report from the Council of Economic Advisers: The Recent Slowdown in
Health Care Cost Growth and the Role of the Affordable Care Act
By Jason Furman
The Affordable Care Act (ACA) was passed against a backdrop of decades
of rapid growth in health care spending, and one of the ACA's key goals
was to root out serious inefficiencies in the United States health care
system that increase costs and compromise patients' quality of care.
Recent data show that health care spending and prices are growing at
their slowest rates in decades; it appears that something has changed
for the better. While this marked slowdown likely has many causes, and
these causes are not yet fully understood, the available evidence
suggests that the ACA is contributing to these trends, and, moreover, is
helping to improve quality of care for patients. Today the White House
Council of Economic Advisers released a new report analyzing recent
trends in health costs, the forces driving those trends, and their
likely economic benefits.
Executive Office of the President of the United States
Trends in Health Care Cost Growth and the Role of the Affordable Care Act
While final conclusions about the causes of the recent slow growth and
its persistence await additional data and analysis, some conclusions are
possible with the data currently available.
The Role of the 2007-2009 Recession
Some have identified the 2007-2009 recession and its aftermath as a
potential driver of system- wide changes.
However, the theory that the slowdown in the growth of health care costs
is simply a result of the recession is inconsistent with several pieces
* The slowdown has persisted well beyond the end of the recession.
* The slowdown appears in Medicare, which is more insulated from the
business cycle, not just the private sector.
* The slowdown appears in health care prices in addition to health
Other factors driving slower growth in health spending unrelated to the ACA
* Increased cost-sharing may be reducing utilization in private plans
* Many blockbuster drugs are coming off patent
The Role of the Affordable Care Act
* Reductions in Medicare overpayments to providers and health plans
* Deployment of new payment models to increase efficiency and improve
quality of care
* Penalties for hospitals with high readmission rates
* Accountable Care Organizations
The evidence is clear that recent trends in health care spending and
price growth reflect, at least in part, ongoing structural changes in
the health care sector. The slowdown may be raising employment today,
and, if continued, will substantially raise living standards in the
years ahead. The evidence also suggests that the ACA is already
contributing to lower spending and price growth and that these effects
will grow in the years ahead, bringing lower cost, higher quality care
to Medicare and Medicaid beneficiaries and to the health system as a whole.
Full report (28 pages):
Los Angeles Times
November 19, 2013
Drew Altman, Obamacare's ref
By Patt Morrison
Drew Altman, President and CEO of the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation:
"We are in a historic slowdown in healthcare spending right now, mostly
due to the weak economy but also due to changes in health delivery —
more cost-sharing, higher deductibles, more out of pocket. Nobody knows
when healthcare spending will shoot up again and by how much."
Our Unhealthy Tax Code
By Jason Furman
In the final diagnosis, the tax code is literally making America sick -
squandering taxpayer dollars on a health care subsidy system that is
failing to provide quality health care to all Americans.
A single-payer national health care system would, by definition, remedy
the problem, but it is unlikely to happen any time soon, if ever at all.
Beyond the political limitations, it is also an open question whether a
single-payer system would be the most efficient way to provide quality
health care for all Americans. In the meantime, reforming health care
will come down to a set of incremental changes that build on the current
Comment: The White House has released a new report from the Council of
Economic Advisers, chaired by Jason Furman, celebrating the fact that
health care spending has finally come under control, and it is due
primarily to implementation of the Affordable Care Act, or so it seems
that is what they want us to believe.
Although there are multiple factors why health care spending has slowed,
the two most important are those mentioned by Kaiser Foundation's Drew
Altman: the weak economy that persists since the Great Recession, and
the expansion of health insurance products that place more of the burden
of paying for health care on patients themselves.
Prices and volume determine the level of spending. The continuing
weakness in the economy has created a reluctance to increase prices, and
the cost sharing barriers such as high-deductibles have decreased the
volume of services accessed. Spending slows.
Furman tends to minimize these two important factors as he touts the
great benefits of the Affordable Care Act. He cites the reduction in
Medicare overpayments while remaining silent on the fact that HHS used
two devious schemes to offset some of those reductions (overpaying
quality bonuses, and using an accounting gimmick that will provide a
3.3% increase in Medicare Advantage payments, replacing a scheduled 2.2%
decrease - a 5.5% net gain). He cites new payment models such as
value-based purchasing, the shared savings program, innovation
experimentation, and outcomes research, all of which are largely
experimental and could not have had any significant impact to this date
on slowing spending. He cites the penalties for hospital readmissions,
but Medicare readmissions have been reduced from 19% to 18%, a very
small percentage of overall Medicare admissions and hardly an
explanation for any significant reduction in the rate of spending
increases (not to mention that he fudges the numbers to predict another
undocumented 0.5% decrease). And, finally, he cites the great promise of
spending reduction - the accountable care organizations. Though he touts
their success, only 13 of the 32 Pioneer ACOs saved enough money to
receive shared savings from CMS. ACOs simply do not explain the slowing
of spending on health care.
We need to understand that Jason Furman is an avowed incrementalist who,
in 2006, was dismissive of single payer reform. As such, he has become a
great "company man" for President Obama. Rather than being dismissive of
single payer, we can be dismissive of Jason Furman. If we really want
spending control, we need to adopt the proven model of a single payer
national health program - an Improved Medicare for All.
So should we nevertheless be celebrating the slowdown in health care
spending? Let's look at the score sheet:
Protracted weak economy - No celebration
Impaired access to care through cost barriers - No celebration
Ineffective policies of the Affordable Care Act - No celebration